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『Guns, Germs, and Steel』(1998)
－a short history of everybody for the last 13,000 years
／ Jared Diamond
■Part1 From Eden to Cajamarca
□chapter1 up to the starting line
The near-simultaneous disappearance of so many l
arge species raises an obvious question; what caused it?
An obvious possible answer is that they were killed off
or else eliminated indirectly by the first arriving humans.
□chapter 2 a natural experiment of history
Polynesia furnishes us with a convincing example of
environmentally related diversification of human societies
in operation. But we thereby learn only that it happen,
because it happened in Polynesia. Did it also happen
on the continents? If so, what were the environmental
differences responsible for diversification on the continents,
and what were their consequences?
Collision at Cajamarca
How did Atahuallpa come to be at Cajamarca at all?
How did Pizzaro come to be there to capture him, instead
of Atahuallpa's coming to Spain to capture King Charles I?
Why did Atahuallpa walk into what seems to us, with the gift
of hindsight, to have been such a transparent trap? Did the
factors acting in the encounter of Atahuallpa and Pizarro
also play a boarder role in encounters between Old World
and New World peoples and between other peoples?
Atahuallpa's presence at Cajamarca thus highlights one
of the key factors in world history; diseases transmitted to
peoples lacking immunity by invading peoples with
considerable immunity. Smallpox, measles, influenza, typhus,
bubonic plague, and other infectious diseases endemic in
Europe played a decisive role in European conquests,
by decimating many people on other continents.
↑Thank You for One Click
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