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『Heidegger and a Hippo Walk Through』
/ Thomas Cathcart et al.
Thomas Cathcart らの作品は、イラストも数多くあり
Thank goodness you’re here
– I can’t accomplish anything unless I have a deadline.
It was who put together a comprehensive picture of the soul.
He said there are three parts of the soul: Reason, Spirit (or Will),
and the Appetites. Reason - wouldn't you know? - is the highest
part, the part that is able to commune with the eternal Ideas or
Forms, like Beauty, Wisdom, and the Triangle - that is, the Ideal
Triangle, the triangle "Form" from which all earthly, imperfect
triangles get their triangularity. (Don't ask.)
The Will is one of the irrational parts of the soul, but,
on the upside, it is nobler than the Appetites.
Properly harnessed, the Will inclines toward Reason.
The Appetites, on the other hand, resist reason, pulling us
down toward our sensuous desires, which spells trouble
with a capital T (i.e., Trouble).
The "logical behaviorists," including the twentieth century
British philosopher Gilbert Ryle, took it a step further.
Ryle ridiculed Descartes's view that mind and body are two
different kinds of beings, with the mind somehow "inhabiting"
the body. Ryle called that idea "the ghost in the machine."
He said Descartes had led us in a centuries-long detour
trying to define what sort of entity this ghost is, when in fact
the mind is not an entity at all. To have a mind isn't to possess
a certain thing; it's simply to have certain capacities and
dispositions. We go around thinking that mental states,
such as beliefs and desires, cause our behavior.
To be continued...
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